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LinuxにObjective-C 2.0環境作成

前回の方法だとプロパティとか高速列挙とかのObjective-C 2.0の機能を利用できないはず。

で、それらを利用したい場合の環境構築。

条件としては
・最新のGNUstepをインストールする。
・ソースのコンパイルにはgccではなくclangを使う(GNUstepのコンパイル自体はgccでOK)。

OSはFedora 13を使った。理由はclangをyumでインストールできて簡単だから。

まずclang(とllvm)をインストール

# yum install clang clang-devel llvm

次に最新のGNUstepを入手

# cd /usr/local/src
# svn co svn://svn.gna.org/svn/gnustep/trunk gnustep

で、make、base、gui、backの順にビルド&インストールしていく。基本的な手順は前回と同じ。

【gnustep-makeのインストール】

# cd /usr/include
# ln -s /usr/lib/libffi-3.0.9/include/ffi.h .
# ln -s /usr/lib/libffi-3.0.9/include/ffitarget.h .

# cd /usr/local/src/gnustep/modules/core/make
# ./configure --with-layout=fhs --prefix=/usr
# mkdir -p /root/rpmbuild/{BUILD,BUILDROOT,RPMS,SOURCES,SPECS,SRPMS} (もしディレクトリがなければ)

前回と同じで、RPM化しないならmake installで良い。checkinstallでRPM化する場合はRPMファイルのファイル名を修正するために以下のような手間をかける。この辺はbase、gui、backでも同様。バージョンはVersionファイルを見れば分かる。

# checkinstall --inspect

The package documentation directory ./doc-pak does not exist.
Should I create a default set of package docs? [y]:

パッケージのドキュメンテーションを準備..OK

使用するパッケージ方式を選んでください。
Slackwareなら[S], RPMなら[R], Debianなら[D]を入力R


このパッケージの説明を書いてください
説明の末尾は空行かEOFにしてください。
>>

**************************************
**** RPM package creation selected ***
**************************************

このパッケージは以下の内容で構成されます:

1 - Summary: [ Package created with checkinstall 1.6.3 ]
2 - Name: [ make ]
3 - Version: [ ]
4 - Release: [ 1 ]
5 - License: [ GPL ]
6 - Group: [ Applications/System ]
7 - Architecture: [ i386 ]
8 - Source location: [ make ]
9 - Alternate source location: [ ]
10 - Requires: [ ]
11 - Provides: [ make ]

変更するものの番号を入力してください。Enterで続行します: 2
名前を入力:
>> gnustep-make

このパッケージは以下の内容で構成されます:

1 - Summary: [ Package created with checkinstall 1.6.3 ]
2 - Name: [ gnustep-make ]
3 - Version: [ ]
4 - Release: [ 1 ]
5 - License: [ GPL ]
6 - Group: [ Applications/System ]
7 - Architecture: [ i386 ]
8 - Source location: [ make ]
9 - Alternate source location: [ ]
10 - Requires: [ ]
11 - Provides: [ make ]

変更するものの番号を入力してください。Enterで続行します: 11
提供するものを入力:
>> gnustep-make

このパッケージは以下の内容で構成されます:

1 - Summary: [ Package created with checkinstall 1.6.3 ]
2 - Name: [ gnustep-make ]
3 - Version: [ ]
4 - Release: [ 1 ]
5 - License: [ GPL ]
6 - Group: [ Applications/System ]
7 - Architecture: [ i386 ]
8 - Source location: [ make ]
9 - Alternate source location: [ ]
10 - Requires: [ ]
11 - Provides: [ gnustep-make ]

変更するものの番号を入力してください。Enterで続行します: 3
バージョンを入力:
>> 2.4.0

このパッケージは以下の内容で構成されます:

1 - Summary: [ Package created with checkinstall 1.6.3 ]
2 - Name: [ gnustep-make ]
3 - Version: [ 2.4.0 ]
4 - Release: [ 1 ]
5 - License: [ GPL ]
6 - Group: [ Applications/System ]
7 - Architecture: [ i386 ]
8 - Source location: [ make ]
9 - Alternate source location: [ ]
10 - Requires: [ ]
11 - Provides: [ gnustep-make ]

変更するものの番号を入力してください。Enterで続行します:




# cd /root/rpmbuild/RPMS/i386
# rpm -ivh gnustep-make-2.4.0-1.i386.rpm
# sh /usr/share/GNUstep/Makefiles/GNUstep.sh

【gnustep-baseのインストール】

# cd /usr/local/src/gnustep/modules/core/base
# ./configure --prefix=/usr
# make

で、こんな感じのエラー↓

Compiling file GSMDNSNetServices.m ...
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetServiceBrowser cleanup]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:289: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:289: error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
GSMDNSNetServices.m:289: error: for each function it appears in.)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:305: error: ‘_netServiceBrowser’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetServiceBrowser executeWithError:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:328: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetServiceBrowser searchForDomain:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:369: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:387: error: ‘_netServiceBrowser’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetServiceBrowser enumCallback:flags:interface:error:domain:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:416: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:420: error: ‘_netServiceBrowser’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetServiceBrowser browseCallback:flags:interface:error:name:type:domain:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:483: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:487: error: ‘_netServiceBrowser’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetServiceBrowser loop:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:579: error: ‘_netServiceBrowser’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetServiceBrowser removeFromRunLoop:forMode:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:611: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetServiceBrowser scheduleInRunLoop:forMode:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:643: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetServiceBrowser searchForServicesOfType:inDomain:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:725: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:743: error: ‘_netServiceBrowser’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetServiceBrowser stop]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:770: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetServiceBrowser init]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:809: error: ‘_netServiceBrowser’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:811: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetServiceBrowser dealloc]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:828: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService executeWithError:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:881: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService cleanup]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:936: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:952: error: ‘_netService’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService stopResolving:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:976: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService resolverCallback:flags:interface:error:fullname:target:port:length:record:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1009: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1013: error: ‘_netService’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService addAddress:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1104: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService addAddress:length:type:interface:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1139: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService queryCallback:flags:interface:error:fullname:type:class:length:data:ttl:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1261: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1265: error: ‘_netService’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService registerCallback:flags:error:name:type:domain:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1407: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1411: error: ‘_netService’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService loop:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1441: error: ‘_netService’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1458: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService initWithDomain:type:name:port:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1766: error: ‘_netService’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1768: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService removeFromRunLoop:forMode:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1789: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService scheduleInRunLoop:forMode:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1823: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService publishWithFlags:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1861: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1893: error: ‘_netService’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService resolveWithTimeout:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1950: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:1996: error: ‘_netService’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService stop]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2024: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService startMonitoring]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2047: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService stopMonitoring]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2082: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService addresses]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2111: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService domain]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2124: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService hostName]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2137: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService name]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2150: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService port]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2155: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService type]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2170: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService protocolSpecificInformation]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2186: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService setProtocolSpecificInformation:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2209: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService TXTRecordData]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2231: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService setTXTRecordData:]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2247: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2272: error: ‘_netService’ undeclared (first use in this function)
GSMDNSNetServices.m: In function ‘-[GSMDNSNetService dealloc]’:
GSMDNSNetServices.m:2353: error: ‘_reserved’ undeclared (first use in this function)
make[4]: *** [obj/libgnustep-base.obj/GSMDNSNetServices.m.o] エラー 1
make[3]: *** [internal-library-all_] エラー 2
make[2]: *** [libgnustep-base.all.library.variables] エラー 2
make[1]: *** [internal-all] エラー 2
make: *** [internal-all] エラー 2

GSMDNSNetServices.mはmDNS関連のコードっぽい。とりあえずいらないのでconfigureのオプションを変える。

# ./configure --prefix=/usr --disable-zeroconf
# make
# checkinstall --inspect
# cd /root/rpmbuild/RPMS/i386
# rpm -ivh gnustep-base-1.21.1-1.i386.rpm

【gnustep-guiのインストール】

# cd /usr/local/src/gnustep/modules/core/gui
# yum install libjpeg-devel libtiff-devel libpng-devel
# ./configure --prefix=/usr
# make
# checkinstall --inspect
# cd /root/rpmbuild/RPMS/i386
# rpm -ivh gnustep-gui-0.19.0-1.i386.rpm

【gnustep-backのインストール】

# yum install libX11-devel libXt-devel freetype-devel libart_lgpl-devel libXext-devel
# cd /usr/local/src/gnustep/modules/core/back
# ./configure --prefix=/usr
# make
# checkinstall --inspect
# cd /root/rpmbuild/RPMS/i386
# rpm -ivh gnustep-back-0.19.0-1.i386.rpm

【試しにObjective-Cのソースコンパイルと実行】

ヘッダファイル: Class1.h, Class2.h
ソースファイル: Class1.m, Class2.m

をコンパイルするとすると、前回と違うのはMakefile。こんな感じ

CC        = clang
CFLAGS    = -O2 -fconstant-string-class=NSConstantString
LIBS        = -lgnustep-base -lobjc
OBJS        = Class1.o Class2.o
TARGET    = a.out

$(TARGET): $(OBJS)
            $(CC) -o $@ $(OBJS) $(LIBS)

%.o: %.m
            $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -c $*.m -o $*.o

clean:
            rm -f $(TARGET) $(OBJS)

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上記広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。新しい記事を書くことで広告を消せます。